Less cancer due to cigarettes and alcohol: policies show effect

Political strategies for the health, such as alcohol tests "Pusten" and the introduction of a ban on Advertising for cigarettes, have helped to reduce the deaths due to cancer. A new study from Australia shows.

More than five percent of all deaths due to cancer, namely about 36,000 deaths could be prevented since the 1960s in Australia, through health policy measures. The report, scientists from the centre for alcohol policy research at the La Trobe-Uniersität in Melbourne.

Alcohol and tobacco erhöhen the risk of cancer

The introduction of random alcohol breath testing in 1976, lowered the alcohol consumption of the population, which between 1980 and 2013 per cent of deaths in men (4.880) and 0.8 percent of deaths in women (1.680) were avoided. Health reports from the UK and the USA, who introduced them in 1962 and 1964 on the health effects of tobacco, also led Australia to a reduction of tobacco consumption. As a result, the cancer death rates declined according to the researchers, in the last 30 years, to three percent in men (13.400) and four per cent in women (11.600). Also the ban on cigarette advertising on television and Radio in 1976 was associated with a decrease in mortality rates in men and women was 1.9 (4.520) and 2.2 percent (2.430). Also the other way around effects were noted: On the liberalisation of the alcohol laws in the 1960s, an increase of 0.6 percent (2.680) of deaths due to cancer in men, followed.

Dr. Jason (Heng) Jiang noted that such public health measures do not immediately, but long term: "The changes in the mortality rates to be measured over a period of 20 years. The full effect of recent directives, such as the packaging of cigarettes and the labelling of beverages with alcohol content, it will show, possibly only decades later."

ZOU